Parents, educators and lawmakers alike are watching a number of studies on bullying.
One, conducted by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and published this week in Pediatrics, found that children ages 6 to 11 are the most likely to be victims of physical and sexual abuse.
Researchers looked at a sample of 1,000 children, ages 6-11, from three states, and compared the results with their parents’ and teachers’ behavior.
In a previous study, the researchers found that more than three-quarters of children and adolescents who were bullied were also victims of peer-shaming, which they called “peer bullying.”
A study in the Journal of Adolescent Health by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill found that a small group of children ages 10-12 who are bullied more frequently than the rest of the students had higher rates of psychological distress and poor grades in their third and fourth grades.
Another study of children from three schools in Ohio found that students in schools with higher bullying rates were also more likely than those in schools without to be bullied at home.
It is not clear why the rates of physical, sexual and emotional abuse vary from state to state, but a few theories are being discussed.
One theory is that parents, teachers and school officials might be more inclined to take action against the bullies if they perceive the bullying as “wrong” rather than “just” or “not serious enough.”
Another theory is the need to protect children from others who may be more abusive.
But it is also possible that parents may be taking steps to protect their children from the bullying because they perceive their children as less vulnerable to physical or sexual abuse and therefore less likely to initiate it themselves.
Another theory holds that bullying is becoming more common in schools because of the widespread use of smartphones, video games, social media and other technologies.
The latest study, which focused on grades 6-8 in Texas, New Mexico and Georgia, did not measure the types of behaviors that the researchers looked at.
They also did not compare the bullying with peer and non-peer bullying.
In addition, they did not take into account whether the bullying involved verbal or non-verbal communication, like calling someone a “bitch” or using physical force.
Some experts say that the findings are important because they provide the first evidence that bullying has a role in the development of a child’s psychological well-being.
“The results confirm what we have been saying all along that bullying can affect children’s behavior and their health, which is a really good thing,” said Jennifer Stelter, a psychology professor at Indiana University and co-author of the new study.
“Kids who are physically abused may be at higher risk for depression and anxiety and may have lower self-esteem and lower academic performance.
They are at greater risk of being bullied, but it doesn’t mean that they are more vulnerable to bullying because it is the same behavior that happens in the classroom.”
Stelte and colleagues say the findings will help parents and teachers better understand the types and severity of bullying that may occur in their children’s schools.
They will also help researchers better understand how and why bullying develops.
“This study is really the first one to look at this in depth and to compare the impact of bullying in schools across the United States,” said Stelstner.
“We know that bullying may have many different causes.
A review published in the December issue of the journal Pediatrics found that bullying in the United Kingdom had a significant impact on psychological health. “
But what we don’t yet know is why this happens, how it affects children and how it impacts adults.”
A review published in the December issue of the journal Pediatrics found that bullying in the United Kingdom had a significant impact on psychological health.
The authors of the study said that the study found that when parents, peers and teachers know their child is bullied, they are less likely than other adults to intervene.
The researchers said that parents who knew their child was bullied were about four times more likely as non-participants to intervene when the child was experiencing bullying.
The review also found that parents were twice as likely as peers to intervene, and teachers were nearly four times as likely.
“Our study shows that parents’ feelings of helplessness about bullying can be significant barriers to their childrens ability to resist bullying,” said co-lead author Dr. Joanne Fennell, a clinical psychologist in the School of Behavioral and Developmental Sciences at Northwestern University.
“It is particularly important to understand how bullying influences children and teenagers’ psychological well being and to provide interventions that are effective.”
For more information about bullying, visit the American Psychological Association’s website.